Interesting places in Rome: Roman Forum
The Roman Forum, or the Roman market, was once a place teeming with life. It was here that the people of Rome met on the way to the Colosseum, shopped and worshiped the gods. The most important public ceremonies took place in the market square, which made it a political, religious and social center. Most of the ruins are left of the Roman Forum, but it's definitely worth a visit. Despite the size of the market, you can feel the intimate atmosphere.
Tarkwiniusz Pyszny and houses on stilts
The exact date of the foundation of the Roman Forum is unknown. However, according to archaeologists, there were houses on stilts in this area before the market was built. Only after the canals had been built and the area drained, citizens began to meet there. The initiator of building a forum here was supposedly Tarkwiniusz Pyszny. In this way, new buildings began to appear at the square - the curias, the rostrum, the temple of Vesta, the house of the Vestals, the temples of Saturn, Dioscurs, Concord and the seat of the high priest - the Regia building.
During the heyday of the Roman Empire, the forum was enriched with more churches and the triumphal arch of Emperor Augustus. Rome itself was also constantly expanded, and subsequent forums created in the city were combined with the Romanum, creating a compact architectural complex. The Caesar Forum is closest to the Roman Forum. Apart from it, the Forum of Trajan (the largest of all), Forum of Augustus, Forum of Vespasian, Forum of Nerva were created.
The Forum, like most Roman monuments, was plagued by wars and natural disasters. It was first devastated in the 5th century CE by the Visigoths. Nevertheless, the Romans used it until the 8th century - it was here that Stephen III was proclaimed pope. The end of the Forum is estimated at the turn of the 9th and 10th centuries. In the following years, the market was transformed into quarries and cattle markets.
Visiting the Roman Forum
Entering the Roman Forum, first we pass the ruins of the temple of Venus and Roma, built in 135 by Hadrian. Interestingly, during its construction, Greek patterns were used, which is why it is the only temple in the Roman Forum surrounded by a colonnade. One of the rooms is dedicated to Venus, the Mother of whom were the founders of Rome.
The next point of the trip is the Arch of Titus - passing it, we will come to two churches: San Sebastiano al Palatino and San Bonaventura, founded in the 17th century (decorations in the interior come from the 19th century). The 18th-century Way of the Cross made of painted ceramics leads to it.
The Roman Forum is open in the summer season from 8:30 to 19:00, and in low season it can be visited until 16:00. The admission ticket costs 4.50 euros and includes visits to the Roman Forum and the Colosseum.