Who is the EU money for in 2014?
As part of the European Union's cohesion policy, support is to be given to activities aimed at equalizing economic and social conditions in all EU regions. This aid is provided mainly in the form of subsidies to those areas where per capita GDP is less than 75%. average in the EU. Pursuant to the decisions of the European Council in 2014-2020, Poland may receive over EUR 70 billion under the cohesion policy. For whom are the highest subsidies planned? Who will get money from the EU in 2014?
EU funds will be allocated to the implementation of 16 regional programs, eight national and one supra-regional (Eastern Poland). These funds can be used for research, transport, digitization of the country, or professional activation and development of entrepreneurship. The level of involvement of EU funds in investments in 2014-2020 will amount to 85%. in all voivodships, except Mazowieckie, where this indicator was formed at the level of 80 percent.
The main goal - infrastructure and the environment
Among the Polish voivodships, the greatest support under regional programs can be counted on by Upper Silesia (over EUR 3 billion), Małopolska, Greater Poland, Lower Silesia and Mazovia (about EUR 2 billion for each of them). In addition, they can benefit from national programs, granted by the EU at the country level.
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Online advice for businessesA large part of funds for the years 2014-2020 will be allocated to the Infrastructure and Environment program, the aim of which is to improve the investment attractiveness of Poland and its regions through the development of technical infrastructure while protecting and improving the environment, health, and developing territorial cohesion. Moreover, the Intelligent Development program (previously - Innovative Economy) will also be available, which is to support scientific research and the development of new technologies that will be used by companies in Poland. Approximately EUR 7.6 billion will be allocated to this goal.
More than EUR 3 billion under the new perspective is to be allocated to the Knowledge Education Development program (formerly Human Capital). This program is intended for employees and jobseekers. Its task is to increase employment, improve workers' mobility, invest in education and fight poverty.
Support for entrepreneurs
In the new perspective, the EU is to allocate EUR 100 billion to enterprises, of which EUR 65 billion will be non-returnable aid, mainly for environmental investments. The remainder will be provided under loans, guarantees and preferential loans. In this case, how the money will be distributed will depend on financial institutions - it will be their responsibility to apply for EU funds, which they will then transfer to small and medium-sized enterprises as part of their own projects.
The lion's share of this pool will be allocated to the Horizon 2020 program (EUR 3.5 billion), under which banks will grant preferential loans for research and development or the purchase of technology for the enterprise. The second major program will be COSME (EUR 1.4 billion), providing support to companies exporting goods outside the EU.
It is worth noting that the EU budget for 2014-2020 is lower than in the previous perspective, which means that the pool of funds for the cohesion policy will be reduced. Therefore, entrepreneurs should take into account that by 2020 approximately 30 percent will be available. funds less than in the previous seven years. Applications for co-financing of investment projects can be submitted from January 2, 2014. The first refunds are to be granted in the last quarter of next year.
Support in 2014-2020 will be the last such strong injection of money for Poland, because in accordance with the terms of the European Treaty, in 2020 the country on the Vistula is to be well-equipped with infrastructure, especially communication, environmental protection and waste management programs are to be completed, and competitiveness Polish economy is to achieve a satisfactory level.