Frostbite - what are they and how to deal with them?

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In the case of low temperatures, we are extremely exposed to various types of frostbite. However, there are some ways to avoid them. How can frostbite be prevented and how to deal with it once we have experienced it? Find the answers in the article below.

4 degrees of frostbite - symptoms

  • First degree of frostbite - usually minor and temporary. It is characterized by pain or burning, tingling in a frostbitten place. The skin is very pale at first, then turns red. Sometimes we may feel as though we have no feeling in a cold part of the body. The first stage only affects the epidermis, so it is not difficult to return the skin to its normal state.

  • 2nd degree of frostbite - in this case, frostbites affect the deeper parts of the epidermis and are more dangerous. There are fluid-filled blisters on the skin. The skin turns blue, there is swelling. These types of injuries can cause discoloration and swelling to remain on the skin for a long time.

  • 3rd degree frostbite - then the whole skin suffers. There is surface necrosis, ulcers and blisters appear. The skin turns purple.

  • IV degree of frostbite - the most serious injury may affect not only the skin, but also muscles and bones. Defrosted parts may not be salvageable. Symptoms include tissue necrosis and frostbite.

How to deal with frostbite?

In case of frostbite, it is worth remembering one thing - home treatment is effective only in the case of the 1st degree. If you notice blisters on your skin, see a doctor immediately!


Surely many of us have heard that frostbite must not be heated, on the contrary - it should be rubbed with snow or put in cold water. You can't really do that! The body needs to be GENTLY warmed up, not cooled down any further.

What to do in the event of mild frostbite? First of all, when you return home, go into a warm room and take off your clothes, especially if they are soaked. Gently warm the frozen places. It is very important not to do it abruptly, not to lie down in a bathtub full of almost hot water - remember that the skin is then extremely delicate. For this reason, it should not be massaged.

Let's prepare warm, very sweet tea, such a drink will definitely help. Don't give alcohol to someone who has frostbite symptoms!

Additionally, soak the frostbitten place in warm water, gently increasing its temperature. Alternatively, cover these places with a warm towel.

Frostbites should certainly not be ignored. If our skin turns pale, turns red or blue, swells, becomes swollen, tingles, blisters and loses sensation, we must react!