Phishing of personal data - threats
Information in the modern world is more valuable than gold. She has become the main target of criminals - especially on the Internet. Thousands of ways have been invented to obtain personal data, such as bank or credit card numbers, home addresses and PESEL numbers. They are all based on human disabilities - over-trust, naivety, laziness, carelessness and forgetfulness. They take advantage of people making up bad passwords in order to remember them better. They know that bank customers often ignore key security messages. They realize how great a lure people are when they hear about alleged wins or wonderfully overpriced medications. Phishing personal data is a real threat for every internet user.
Extorting personal data on a corrupt policeman - ransomware
Ransomware is such a bizarre way to extort personal data that it is wondering if anyone would be so naive as to fall for it. At one point, the computer infected by the virus displays a message full-screen, usually with the logo of the police and the words Republic of Poland, and sometimes even a photo of the current president and an unknown senior policeman. It states that the hardware has been blocked due to the user's viewing of child pornography or illegal data downloading. Interestingly, the Polish law enforcement agencies are presented here as extremely indulgent and corrupt - it is enough to pay a certain amount (usually PLN 500) to the account number provided to unlock access to the computer. The ransomware virus effectively removes the antispyware software.
Bank phishing - phishing personal data from an online account
A method perfected over the years by many criminals. Banking phishing is a personal data phishing where the victim is given a fake bank website to enter his / her login details. Fraudsters are prevented by strong security measures in the form of the need to authorize transfers with a list of passwords or text messages. And they manage to get around this - banks usually offer to add data of a trusted person, to whom transfers do not need to be approved. Knowing this, thieves only have to get one confirmation code. And they do this trick, because they deceive the bank's client by telling him about the alleged change of account numbers and the need to approve this action with an SMS password.
Tips for those who want to avoid banking phishing: first, read information from the bank - preferably on the official website. Secondly, do not trust every e-mail that comes (allegedly) from the bank - look at the addresses.Third, check if the address of the login page contains the letters https and if it does not look suspicious - eg nbank.pl instead of mbank.pl etc. The most perfidious example of phishing is sending fake e-mails warning about ... phishing. In order to allegedly secure your account, you had to send your current password in response.
Phishing of personal data - a Nigerian scam
The Nigerian scam is a classic of personal data phishing. The e-mail (or Facebook account) comes with a letter written in sloppy Polish (sometimes also in English) from a Nigerian / Saudi / Kuwaiti or other rich man whose authority has pressed against the wall. That poor man needs your help - he wants to transfer his property to Poland. A broker on the spot is necessary, as well as a "small" handling fee (our rich man has no penny in his wallet) or a credit card number. And the prize? A few million dollars. Sometimes the scam is short - the Nigerian master disappears after sending him the data to the card or the processing fee. However, it often takes longer, as there are more and more obstacles on the way to the transfer of petrodollars, requiring further investments.
The Nigerian scam has at least a few dozen variations - some of them are evidence of the sophisticated creativity of their creators. Quite recently, I received an email in which the cancer-sick wife of the late Kuwaiti ambassador to Côte d'Ivoire offered me $ 2.5 million. My job would be to donate this fortune to good causes - but of course it needs to be transferred first, and that requires my full details, including my credit card number. Something for something.
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Phishing of personal data on Facebook
Recently, you can observe the intensity of activities such as phishing personal data on Facebook - mainly passwords. Someone may ask - why criminals need access to my social network? Does he want to show off with my friends? Delete all my photos maliciously? Not at all. It's about statistics that a large part of the online community has a single password for multiple uses - yes, a Facebook password often matches an email, Twitter, and even bank account. The scammers' method is to send fake e-mails with information that you need to change your password. Another phenomenon is appearing on user boards of links with strange photos and captions such as: "High school graduates died, see drastic photos ...". After clicking, the malicious application asks the user to publish content on his behalf - by agreeing to it, we give the fraudsters a gift.
Phishing of personal data - buy viagra
Probably the most popular email spam is the one that offers to buy Viagra or Cialis at great prices - and with complete discretion. All you need to do is enter your details and your credit card number. The scam, of course, comes in many different versions - they have in common that they concern the purchase of various goods from the black market, such as, for example, weapons or prescription drugs.