# Working time - what is it in 2017?

It is worth knowing that the working time cannot exceed eight hours a day, i.e. 40 a week in an average five-day working week. The Labor Code also states that the employer is obliged to prepare and provide the subordinate with his work schedule for a period of at least one month, at least one week before the commencement of work. Check the working hours this year!

## Working time and the billing period

Most often, the billing period does not exceed 4 months. However, the Labor Code states that the settlement period may be extended if it is justified by objective, technical or work organization reasons, in compliance with the general principles of health and safety protection. The extension of the working time settlement period to 12 months is agreed in writing and communicated to the employees.

## Working time dimension - calculation of the working time

Art. 130 of the Labor Code specifies how to calculate the working time, according to its content:

1. Multiply 40 hours (average weekly working time) by the number of full weeks in a given settlement period.

2. To the obtained number of hours, add the product of 8 hours and the number of days remaining until the end of the billing period (without taking into account Saturday and Sunday).

3. Reduce the working time by 8 hours for each holiday occurring in the accounting period - falling on a day other than Sunday.

4. Reduce the working time by the number of hours of the employee's justified absence.

5. The working time of a part-time employee should be determined in proportion to this part.

## Working hours in 2017

Working time in 2017 depends on the adopted length of the settlement period, therefore each time must be calculated separately.

### A twelve-month billing period

 Month Calculation of the working time number of hours number of days I - XII (40 hours × 52 weeks) - (8 hours × 10 holidays) 2000 250

### Six-month billing period

 Month Calculation of the working time number of hours number of days I-VI (40 hours x 25 weeks) + (8 hours x 5 days) - (8 hours x 5 holidays) 1000 125 VII-XII (40 hours × 26 weeks) - (8 hours × 5 holidays) 1000 125 TOTAL 2000 250

### Four-month billing period

 Month Calculation of the working time number of hours number of days I-IV (40 hours × 17 weeks) - (8 hours × 2 holidays) 664 83 May-VIII (40 hours × 17 weeks) + (8 hours × 4 days) - (8 hours × 4 holidays) 680 85 IX-XII (40 hours × 17 weeks) + (8 hours × 1 day) - (8 hours × 4 holidays) 656 82 TOTAL 2000 250

### Three-month billing period

 Month Calculation of the working time number of hours number of days I-III (40 hours × 12 weeks) + (8 hours × 5 days) - (8 hours × 1 holiday) 512 64 IV-VI (40 hours × 13 weeks) - (8 hours × 4 holidays) 488 61 VII-IX (40 hours × 13 weeks) - (8 hours × 1 holiday) 512 64 X-XII (40 hours × 13 weeks) - (8 hours × 4 holidays) 488 61 TOTAL 2000 250

### One-month billing period

 Month Calculation of the working time number of hours number of days AND (40 hours × 4 weeks) + (8 hours × 2 days) - (8 hours × 1 holiday) 168 21 II (40 hours x 4 weeks) 160 20 III (40 hours × 4 weeks) + (8 hours × 3 days) 184 23 IV (40 hours × 4 weeks) - (8 hours × 1 holiday) 152 19 V (40 hours × 4 weeks) + (8 hours × 3 days) - (8 hours × 2 holidays) 168 21 VI (40 hours × 4 weeks) + (8 hours × 2 days) - (8 hours × 1 holiday) 168 21 VII (40 hours × 4 weeks) + (8 hours × 1 day) 168 21 VIII (40 hours × 4 weeks) + (8 hours × 3 days) - (8 hours × 1 holiday) 176 22 IX (40 hours × 4 weeks) + (8 hours × 1 day) 168 21 X (40 hours × 4 weeks) + (8 hours× 2 days) 176 22 XI (40 hours × 4 weeks) + (8 hours × 2 days) - (8 hours × 2 holidays) 160 20 XII (40 hours × 4 weeks) + (8 hours × 1 day) - (8 hours × 2 holidays) 152 19 TOTAL 2000 250

## Working time and public holidays

In 2017, public holidays are:

• January 1 New Year - Thursday,

• January 6, Epiphany - Tuesday,

• April 17 Easter Monday - Monday,

• May 1 Labor Day - Monday,

• May 3 Constitution Day May 3 - Wednesday,

• June 4, Pentecost - Sunday,

• June 15, Corpus Christi - Thursday,

• August 15 Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Polish Army Day - Tuesday,

• November 1 (All Saints) - Wednesday,

• November 11 Independence Day - Saturday,

• December 25, Christmas - Monday,

• December 26, the second day of Christmas - Tuesday.

For the holiday falling on Saturday, employees working from Monday to Friday are entitled to an additional day off in a given settlement period - in accordance with the judgment of the Constitutional Tribunal of October 2, 2012.

In 2017, the employer is therefore obliged to designate 1 additional day off in the settlement period covering November.

## Continuous working time

Continuous work (it is work that cannot be suspended) is an exception in the calculation of the working time and indicates a short settlement period not exceeding four weeks.

In such a case, the employer may extend the work of the subordinate to an average of 43 hours per week and to 12 hours of one day - in one, two or three weeks of the settlement period. When calculating the working time in this case, the number of shifts planned by the employer in a given settlement period in the amount of 12 hours is taken into account.

To calculate the working time you should:

• Multiply 8 hours by the number of calendar days in the settlement period (excluding Sundays, public holidays and non-working days resulting from the working time schedule in an average five-day working week),

• the number of hours corresponding to the extended weekly working time with a given employer should be added to the sum obtained.